Electronic Production

This activity has put my mind back several years ago because this was an everyday activity back at university days.
Although the passive components remain the same, nowadays SMD encapsulate is more use than before.

Several years ago the use of lithography and ferric chloride was very common. However for these activity we decided to use the milling process.

Group assignment

Our team was very exited to proceed with these activity, for the majority of us it was the first time they make a PCB and solder also.
It was challenging, we did it. Each of us was able to build its own board, solder and program it.


The assignment consist of:

Characterize your PCB router machine


TECSUP Lab has these router engraving machine: MODELA. Some important things to consider prior the put it on operation.

At the previous link you may see all the information, drivers and manual for its normal use.

In order to build a PCB some important steps were taken:

Define the correct drill for router

In order to set the correct position, we need to define en 0 position, it is possible to do it by setting its x and y position.
Also the Z axis is the most important part to set it, otherwise you can break a tin. We had a couple broken tins of 1/32" because the Z was not set properly.

Setting the initial position for Roland router

In order to improve the space of the copper table, we set the position manually

Route, mill and cut out the copper board.

The following parameters were use for milling and cutting:

Milling parameters

Please select the option mill and traces 1/64

Parameter Value
diameter 0.4 mm
overlap 0.5
offset 2
Z mm -0.1
intensity 0.5
error (pixel) 1.1
Cutting parameters

Please select the option Cut out board (1/32)

Parameter Value
diameter 0.79 mm
overlap 0.5
offset 1
top z mm -0.6
bot z mm -1.7
top intensity 0.5
bot intensity 0.5
error (pixel) 1.1
cut depth 0.6

Individual assignment

The assigment was to make a in circuit programmer (ISP) by milling the PCB.

For these activity I chose Brian model with consist of a ATtiny45 microcontroler from Atmel, nowadays from Microchip

The needed materials are:

The schematic and pcb board are:

All the group activities learned at the previous task were important and these one such as:

Milling and cutting parts were easy, you may see at the following images

Several years ago I used to solder, however these days SMD are widely used. It was not so hard but for sure the last solder elements had
a better quality than the previous one.

Let me share you how the FabISP had been made.

Use the flux just on the component you are going to solder.

These last part of the activity was done with a Linux machine. I follow all the steps for it at Brian model
It consists of three parts:

Edition was most important part, if we choose the wrong programmer it will never load the firmware on the Microcontroller. I chose: avrisp2

After that you may be able to run the make fuses command, if everything is successful the rstdisbl command.

If everything is correct you may disolder the bias and see if the FabISP board is recognize by the computer.