The main parameters that you must take into account in the 3D printer are:
Temperature: The temperature of the two main components are; "Hotend" is the temperature of the extruder necessary to be able to work the PLA (Polylactic Acid) and "heatbed" is the temperature of the base where the printing of the PLA will take place. The Sindoh uses 200ºC for Hotend and 0º for the Heatbed.
Speed: The printing speed is a parameter that needs to be set. And it depends on the quality of the printing. In our case, the speed was 80mm/s. In most printers, the standard speed is 60mm/s.
Layer height: It is another parameter that depends a lot on the print quality. This means that the lower the layer, the higher the print quality. We can simplify these parameters; High quality: 0.1mm, Medium quality: 0.2mm and low quality: 0.3mm..
1.1.3 Generation of G code for printing
To obtain the G code in the Sindoh printers it is necessary to download the software.(click here )
First you must choose the printer model. For our case it is 3DWOX1.
Then you must load the STL file that you want to print. Use the rotation and movement tool to place the model in the position you want.
Then we can generate the G code for the print (file / load G code).
The file G code is copied to a USB memory. Then it is loaded into the printer.
The printer make an amazing work here. Cilinder and vertical bars have great definition. Overhangs looks good and suspended bars doesn´t look messy. Overall it´s a really nice piece.
1. Individual Assignment
Design and 3D print an object (small, few cm3, limited by printer time)
that could not be made subtractively
3D scan an object (and optionally print it)
1.1 Design 3D Model
I am a resident of traumatology in a hospital in Peru. And I decided to use 3D printing for the preoperative planning of a patient.
Patient of 34 years, suffers fall from height of approximately 3 meters, hit the right shoulder.
When this patient entered my hospital, he had a fracture in the very complex humerus (the bone was in more than 4 fragments) and he needed a surgery.
For the design, I used the FUSION 360 software, where I made changes to the model, until I got what I wanted.
I decided to make a 3D impression from the images of the tomography. For this it was necessary to obtain the DICOM files. DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) is the international standard to transmit, store, retrieve, print, process, and display medical imaging information (more about it).
3D Slicer is an open source software. This program allows editing and rendering of DICOM files (more about it).
Once we finish getting the 3D reconstruction of the fracture. We export the files in STL. To give a better finish and the position of these files I used the "Meshmixer" program.
Simplify3D is a software that allows you to place the parameters and generate the g-code to make the printing. In this you must configure the printer type (Anet E12), the type of material (PLA).
1.2 3D Printed
I made the impression of the model in an "ANET E12". The approximate time of printing was 6 hours. The material that I used was the PLA.:
The mold was delivered to the surgeon, who performed the pre-planning planning for the surgery.
The surgery lasted 2 hours and 30 minutes (with the help of the mold). Normally this surgery lasts around 4 to 5 hours (without using mold).
2.4 3D SCANNING
I used the Skanect software; This is a payment software. But you can use the free application, where you can perform 3D scanning. With Skanect, capturing a full-color 3D model of an object, a person or a room has never been so easy and affordable. Skanect transforms its Structure Sensor, Microsoft Kinect or Asus Xtion camera into a low cost 3D scanner capable of creating 3D meshes from real scenes..(more about it)
The sensor that I used to perform the scan of the KINECT 360, This is a video console accessory (X-box).