### 1. Introduction (Cristian)

#### 1.1 Concept

The scope of this assignment was to build a machine that is functional and produces movements. Having the desire to experiment with different axes, that implies having motors that move the construction in different directions, the choice of building a universal plotting device came. This concept is not new and has been previously done during the Fab Academy years. Main inspiration for the project came from a former MIT graduate building an axis tool, A Machine that Makes. The aim was to supple the lab with a machine that draws and works and can be used by other students.

#### 1.2 Functionality

The functionality is straight forward. There are three axis X, Y, Z that by means of traveling and holding the tool, creates the drawing. Similar to laser cutter (only with one more axis) and to a 3D printer, the machine follows a path, using the g-code provided. Since g-code is read directly by the Universal Plotter and sent to the satshakit-grblthe intention was to use that at first in order to produce the drawings.

##### 1.2.1 Multi-plotter, aiming to replace the tooling.

The intention is not create a perfect plotter, otherwise we just recreate an ink printer that is out there and is commonly used. The aim is to create a tool that draws digitally, with all it's imperfect lines, creating a 2D digital art using electronics only.

#### 1.3 Approach and sketches.

In order to better understand the common vision of the machine, as well as divide the tasks, we used sketches on paper and whiteboard. During this process we understood the benefits and drawbacks of our decisions as well as made constraints regarding the size and the area of drawing we want to produce.

Whiteboard Sketch

Paper Sketch

##### 1.3.1 Separate tasks by dividing the 3 axes X,Y,Z.

As a result we were able to divide the tasks and act accordingly by designing our own parts.

Three axes handling:
• X axis - represents the frame; the main support for the entire construction (Emir)
• Y axis - bed that is the mediator between the frame and the Z axis tooling (Cristian)
• Z axis - tooling part; different drawing instruments are attached and elevated Up/Down (Cello)
• ##### 1.3.2 Cooperation and communication. Team Work.

Crytical part during the design and construction process was a clear communication and setting aside all the expectations. Having a clear discussion in terms of sizes and adjustments as well as final functionality.

### 2 X Axis / Bed (Emir)

#### 2.1 Concept / Sketch

At the beginning we have divided our tasks, so that I had to to the Frame and the x Axies. Well we like the Frame of the BigRep, especially the edges, thats why I have designed something similar. We have decided to make the Frame out of 18mm PlyWood and und cut it with the big CNC machine out. We have choosen 18 mm of MDF in order to make our machine stiff and stable.

#### 2.2 Motors / Mechanics used

For the x Axies I have used Nema17 with 300 mm spiral. Here is the datasheet of it.

#### 2.3 Schetches Fusion 360

Here You can see the 3D design of the PlotterFrame
And here are the Sketches in Fusion
Here are all parts of the sketch that I have made. You can see that I have opened the sketch in Rhino, well that is because I had to set different layers for the different parts of the frame.
Here you can see the Motor part in detail. -Yellow Layer: for the screws
-Blue Layers: is for the Pocket
-Red Layer: is for some offset, that motor has
-Asure Layer: is for the Nema17 spiral
Here is how my Final 2D file looks like.
CNC
Here you can see the settings, that I have used for the crews holes. Yellow layer, Here I have used 3 mm Tool.
Reminder: Make the holes at least 3.2mm in DM
Here are the Settings for the Pocket, here and in the Cuts below I have used 6 mm tool. Reminder: Make the holes at least 6.2mm at the ages in DM
Settings for some offset of nema17
Settings for the CutOut

#### 2.4 End result

Done xD
Here you can see pocket for the motor.

### 3. Y Axis / Bed (Cristian)

#### 3.1 Concept / Sketch

In order to have a fast traveling axis, I decided to construct my bed are with the stepper motor attached to the traveling belt. It was also interesting to have a traveling belt incorporated with rod guide stepper motors and see what would result in terms of speed and accuracy.

#### 3.3 Sketches Fusion 360

RIght view.

Angle view.

Flipped view.

Guiding view.

End result.

#### 3.4 Assembly

Resulted pieces from the CNC.

#### 3.5 End result

Assembled pieces of the bed.

Mounting the barring.

Mounting the travel guide for the motor.

On the main frame.

### 4 Z Axis / Bed (Cello)

#### 4.1 Concept / Sketch

To let the z platform move in y direction, the belt is squized between two plates.

The two rods are guided the z movement so it can moves stabily.

#### 4.3 Schetches Solidworks

I used Solidworks to 3d CAD the model.

I made the 2d drawing in solidworks and then save it as an dxf file to laser cut it.

#### 4.4 End result

After I that I had to hammer them to press firt all the parts together.

Finally, I can attach them together to the whole machine.

### 5 Final Assembly

Side view.

Top view.

#### 5.2 Moving machine by hand

Moving by hand

(Cristian)

#### 5.4 PCB driver board for the motors

(Cello)

MP6500 Stepper Motor Driver Carriers PCB board

The board is design to simplify the connection of the stepper motor driver ti the Satsha GBRL board.

Pololu

Pins MS1, MS2 and MS3 have to be connected in 5V in the MP6500 stepper motor driver carriers so that it offers 1/16 step microstepping.

This driver operates from 4.5V ti 35V and can diliver ip to approximately 1.5 A.

## Current limiter on board

There is an on board timer poteniometer for setting the curent limit, turn it counter clockwise to decrease the current.

After finished milling the PCB, we need to drill the holes with the diameter of 0.9 mm and 1 mm.

Part list:

• PCB board
• MP6500 Stepper Motor Driver Carriers
• Female pins
• Male pins
• Wire board 3.5 mm
• Solder them all in the board and plug the pololu stepper motor driver.

#### 5.5 PCB satshakit-GRBL

(Emir)
To control the motors, we have use satshakit-RGBL, because ist has been modified for motor control
Here you can see the final result after soldering the PCB

(Cristian)

#### Cable Mangement

The 3d CAD of cable holder.

Slicer for 3D pint the cable holders.

Manage all the cables with the 3d printed cable holders.

Cable management.

## Microcontroller

GBRL is a controller for CNC Milling which run on Atmega 328.

## Desktop Software

On the software use \$\$ command to get the current setting.

Grbl v1.1 Commands

To change the setting just simply type the the parameter on the console for example "100 = 200" which set that x-axis travel resolution is 200 step/mm.

# GCode

The Fab modules is used to generate the g-code.

Those are the parameters that I have used to draw with my machine.

• Input format: Image.png
• Output format: Gcodes.nc
• Process: PCB traces 1/64
• Cut speed : 16 mm/s
• Plunge speed :16 mm/s
• Jog speed :5 mm/s
• Jog height : 7 mm
• etc

#### 5.7 Final drawings

This is the first try to draw on a notebook.

A2 drawing of a Barong.