Machinable wax is an extremely hard wax that has been formulated to deliver exceptional machining properties including high resolution detail. Since it is harder and has a higher melting temperature than most other waxes, machinable wax can be machined, cut, or shaped using standard metalworking or woodworking equipment. High quality surface detail and dimensional accuracy are possible. Machinable wax is ideal for verifying CNC machining programs. Machinable wax is often used for precision lost wax casting. Machinable Wax is available in both blocks and cylinders. We stock the most commonly requested sizes and can usually provide alternate sizes on request.(more about it)
Applications of machinable wax:
Precision Lost Wax Casting
Used as a bolus/compensator for electron or proton therapy
Manufacture of turbines and pump impellers
1.1.2 Machinable wax
RTV Silicone (Room-Temperature-Vulcanizing silicone) is a type of silicone rubber made from a two-component system (base plus curative; A+B) available in a hardness range of very soft to medium--usually from 15 to 40 Shore A. RTV silicones can be cured with a catalyst consisting of either platinum or a tin compound such as dibutyltin dilaurate. Applications include low-temperature over-molding, making molds for reproducing, and lens applications for some optically clear grades.(more about it)
Good characteristics of easy operation
Light viscosity and good flow-ability
High-temperature resistance, acid and alkali resistance, and ageing resistance
2. Individual Assignment
Design a mold around the stock and tooling that you'll be using, mill it (rough cut + (at least) three-axis finish cut), and use it to cast parts
2.1 CHOICE OF 3D MODEL
In this part of the assignment I had to design a 3D model. I chose the face of "Darth Daver" (I like "Star Wars"). Search the web, I found this design (click here):
2.2 DESIGNING 3D MODE
I started editing the model in the "MeshMixer"; This is an open source software:
First import the STL model.
Then relice the cut in two planes of the model, until you get only the profile of the face of "Darth Daver".
Then export the file in STL.
For the design, I used the FUSION 360 software, where I made changes to the model, until I got what I wanted.
The material that I used for the pre-cast was "Paraffin 74". I made paraffin blocks from recycled material (previous projects). I placed the paraffin in a container under the direct heat of an electric stove. I waited for the heat to melt the paraffin to later place the wooden boxes. The volume of paraffin block 40mmx80mmx100mm. (more about it):
2.3.1 Machining the mold’s mold.
For the generation of the code for modeling the mold I did it in the software "SRP Player". It is an intuitive and easy to use software: (SRL PLAYER).
First we have to choose the dimensions of our paraffin pre-mold (40x80x100mm).
Then we choose the form of modeling (curved or straight).
Then we choose the dimensions that our model will have machining.
We create the step of the tool in modeling; the software allows you to simulate the modeling.
To cast casting I used rubber silicone RTV and a catalyst.
Mix both components in a ratio of 2 drops of catalyst per 1g of silicone. And I placed the mixture in the paraffin model and let it dry.
The first material I used was the polyurethane resin (Silikast70) in the presentation of two compounds (A and B) and mescal of 1/1 proportion. The advantage of this product is its rapid drying (10 minutes). The disadvantage is the rapid formation of bubbles.(this took approximately 2 to 3 hours) (more about it).
The second material that I used for my mold was the epoxy resin (POX BAK 1206). It is a mixture of two components. The advantage of this resin is the good finish. One disadvantage was the drying time around 24 hours (more about it).
Another material that I tried was the paraffin of the candles. The advantage of this product is its easy drying and finishing. The disadvantage is that this material is fragile.
Another material that I used was silicone rubber (Sorta 37). The disadvantage I found in this product was the same as one of the recipients of the mix was open for several hours. The drying has been several hours and the result was not so good. Therefore, it is advisable to leave these products closed after using them.(more about it).
These were the results in the end.
I made the recycling and molding of paraffin.
I used different materials and I could see the advantages and disadvantages of each one.
WHAT DID NOT WORK:
I could not try cement or plaster.
THINGS TO IMPROVE:
Be careful when handling materials. Some can be toxic or they can lose their properties.
If you want to review the previous topics, click on the following icons.